How much can a president do alone?

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The Constitution gives presidents the “grant of executive power,” which has been interpreted to give the chief of state the authority to give executive orders. These orders are passed without approval from Congress or the Supreme Court. The legislative branch can pass laws cutting funding from the order (which the president could veto), but it can’t overturn one. The judiciary branch has overturned just two of the more than 13,000 executive orders issued since 1789.

What’s the difference between a legislator, congressperson, and representative?

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A legislator is anyone who makes laws, as part of the state government or the federal legislative branch. A congressperson is a legislator at the national level, meaning part of the House of Representatives or the Senate, while a representative is specifically a member of the House.

How is it decided how many members of congress each state gets?

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Each state gets two senators, but the number of representatives varies by state. The House of Representatives is capped at 435 members, and states get representation in proportion to their populations.